This regiment was formed by the consolidation of the Second and Fourth battalions of Hilliard's Legion. The Legion was organized at Montgomery June 25, 1862, and consisted of five battalions one of which was mounted, and being detached in a short time thereafter, became part of the Tenth Confederate regiment. The Second battalion, six companies was commanded by Lieut. Colonel Bolling Hall, Jr. of Autauga, and Major W. Stubblefield of Coosa; the Fourth battalion was commanded by Major John D. McLennan of Barbour. The legion proceeded to east Tennessee, nearly 3000 strong, under its commander, Col. Hilliard of Mongomery. Proceeding to Cumberland Gap, it was part of the force that besieged that position. In October the legion was a part of the force that occupied Kentucky, a fatiguing march. It passed the winter and summer following in east Tennessee during which time Col. Jack Thorington of Montgomery (of the first battalion) succeeded Col. Hilliard, and in April 1863 it was attached to Gen. Gracie's brigade. The legion was in the great battle of Chicamauga, and left more than half its number on the bloody field, and the flag of the Second battalion was perforated by 81 balls. Moving into east Tennessee, Col. Thorington having resigned, the legion was divided into the Fifty-ninth and Sixtieth Alabama regiments, and Twenty-third battalion, at Charleston, Nov. 25, 1863. The Fifty-ninth was at the investment of Knoxville, and the fights at Dandridge and Beene's Station, with some casualties, especially at the latter. In April 1864 the regiment reached Richmond, and shortly after took part in the battle of Drewry's Bluff and the fight with Sheridan, losing largely in casualties in the former. From June till the March following, the Fifty-ninth was in the trenches of Petersburg, or in the numerous fierce conflicts at the dank and rear of the army, losing a number at Hatcher's Run and White-oaks Road. As part of Gordon's corps, Bushrod Johnston's division, the regiment was engaged at Appomattox, and there surrendered.
Colonels -- Bolling Hall, Jr. of Autauga; wounded at Drewry's (and at Chicamauga as battalion commander).
Lieut. Colonels -- John D. McLennan of Barbour; killed at Drewry's. Geo. W. Huguley of Chambers.
Majors -- Geo. W. Huguley; promoted. Lewis H. Crumpler of Coosa.
Adjutants -- Crenshaw Hall of Autauga; wounded at Drewry's.
Randolph -- John C. Hendrix; died in the service. S. E. A. Reaves; wounded at Drewry's.
Autauga -- John F. Wise; resigned John E. Hall; wounded at Petersburg.
Tallapoosa -- W. Dillard; died in service. John Porter.
Pike -- E. L. McIntyre; resigned. John A. Henley.
Dale -- W. H. Stuckey. W. J. Peacock.
Coosa -- L. H. CrumpIer; promoted. W.R. Davie.
Barbour --James Lang; wounded twice.
Butler -- R. Glasgow; resigned. Louis Harrell; resigned. H. H. Rutledge; killed at Drewry's. Zach. Daniel; killed at Hatcher's Run.
Butler* -- R. F. Manly; wounded at Drewry's; wounded and captured at Hatcher's Run.
Coosa -- W. D. Walden; killed at Chicamauga. R. H. Gulledge.