The Nineteenth was organized at Huntsville, August 14, 1861, and at once ordered to Mobile. It remained there about three months, then was at Pensacola a fortnight. Ordered to Corinth, the regiment was brigaded under General Gladden of Louisiana, with the Twenty-second, Twenty-fifth, and Twenty-sixth Alabama regiments, to which the Thirty-ninth was added after the battle of Shiloh. In that battle the Nineteenth received its appalling baptism of blood, losing 110 killed and 240 wounded of the 650 that followed its colors into the action. Gen. Frank Gardner soon after succeeded to the command of the brigade, and led it into Kentucky, where it did not come in collision with the foe. It retired with the army, and fought at Murfreesboro with a loss of about one hundred killed and wounded, about one-fourth of its strength. Gen. Deas of Mobile succeeded to the command of the brigade, and led it at Chicamauga, where it again lost very heavily. The casualties were few at Mission Ridge, and the Nineteenth wintered at Dalton. In the almost cessant battle from that place to Atlanta, the regiment lost largely in casualties, particularly at New Hope and near Marietta. The brigade being under Gen. Johnston of Perry, the Nineteenth was badly cut up in the battles of July 22 and 28 at Atlanta. It suffered lightly at Jonesboro, but having followed Gen. Hood into Tennessee, the Nineteenth lost severely in prisoners at Franklin, with few casualties. It went to North Carolina, and was engaged at Kinston and Bentonville, losing largely in the latter battle. Consolidated with the Fortieth and the Forty-sixth Alabama regiments at Salisbury (with M.L. Woods of Montgomery as colonel, and Ezekiel Gully of Sumter as lieutenant colonel), the Nineteenth surrendered at that place, 76 strong.
Colonels - Joseph Wheeler of Georgia; promoted. Samuel K. McSpadden of Cherokee; captured at Resaca.
Lieutenant Colonels - Edw. D. Tracy of Madison; promoted to brigadier general. Geo. R. Kimbrough of Pickens.
Majors - Samuel K. McSpadden; promoted. George R. Kimbrough; promoted. Solomon Palmer of Blount.
Adjutants - Clifton Walker of Madison; wounded at Shiloh; transferred to Gen. Tracy's staff. C.G. Hale; wounded at Murfreesboro.
Pickens - George R. Kimbrough; promoted. R.J. Healy; killed at Murfreesboro. Dyer C. Hodo; wounded at Atlanta.
Blount - Wm. D. McKenzie; killed at Corinth. H.L. Houston; killed at Atlanta.
Jefferson - Wm. F. Hamby; wounded at Shiloh. Lieut. Rouse commanded.
Cherokee - Wm. P. Hollingsworth; transferred to General Tracy's staff. Ed. Thornton; killed at Jonesboro.
Cherokee - Rufus B. Rhea; wounded at Chicamauga.
Cherokee - Wm. E. Kirkpatrick; resigned. Marvel Israel; wounded at Chicamauga; retired. Thomas B. Williamson; wounded at Atlanta.
Cherokee - Jackson Millsap; resigned. John N. Barry; retired. James H. Leath; wounded at Atlanta.
Cherokee - J.L. Cunningham; transferred to Gen. Tracy's staff. Samuel B. Echols.
Cherokee - James H. Savage.
Blunt - J.H. Skinner; resigned. Solomon Palmer; promoted. Nathan J. Venable; killed at Marietta. Jas. K. Duffie.