Nicola Marschall: Artist of the Deep South

Vocabulary List

Balance In composition, a visually favorable distribution of
elements.
   A.) Symmetrical-Formal in appearance, with
   elements of equal or near equal weight on either
   side of a real or implied center.
   B.) Asymmetrical-An informal balance arrived at
   by the informal distribution of elements.
 
Canvas A fabric (cotton, linen, jute, ect.), prepared as a
surface for painting; also a term for the finished
painting.
 
Contour drawing A line drawing using one continuing line or as few
lines as possible to render a given subject while the
artist keeps his eye on the subject, not on the
paper.
 
Contrast The difference between high and low values used
for emphasis in a picture.
 
Commission A request for the service of an artist to create a
work for a predetermined compensation.
 
Design elements Line, shape, size, value, color, direction, and texture.
 
Details All the little particulars evident in a work of art.
 
Frame A border of molding which sets off the picture and
makes it easier to hang.
 
Itinerant painter A 19th Century painter who traveled from
place to place to find work, often with partially
completed canvases, to which he might add the
facial features of a person.
 
Letters of introduction       A means of acquainting one person to another
through a letter.
 
Palette A hand-held board on which an artist mixes paint
color from which to work, typically with a hole for
the thumb.
 
Portrait A painting, photograph, or other likeness of a
person, usually 3/4 to full length.
 
Portraiture The practice or art of making portraits.
 
Prussia Former kingdom (1701-1918) which included present-
day northern Germany and northern Poland, and
which now is a state in Germany.
 
Rabbet The "L" shaped groove on the edge of a
frame in which the painting rests.
 
Sitter The subject (person) who poses for a painting.
 
Symbols A sign, figure, design, pattern, motif, signet, or color
used to represent something or somebody by
association.
 
The "Classics" Written works which have lasting significance or
recognized worth, often as pertaining to ancient
Greece or Rome, or from the Renaissance era.
 
Medium Material used to create art, such as pencil, pen,
watercolor, oil, color, gouache, pastel, acrylic,
paint, wood and stone.
 
Positive/negative space When looking at a portrait, the negative space is that
surrounding the subject or sitter; the positive space
is the person or sitter portrayed in the painting, and
other significant objects within the painting.
 
Renaissance person A person with diverse interests, talents, and
expertise in a number of areas.
 
 



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