In composition, a visually favorable distribution of
A.) Symmetrical-Formal in appearance, with
elements of equal or near equal weight on either
side of a real or implied center.
B.) Asymmetrical-An informal balance arrived at
by the informal distribution of elements.
A fabric (cotton, linen, jute, ect.), prepared as a
surface for painting; also a term for the finished
A line drawing using one continuing line or as few
lines as possible to render a given subject while the
artist keeps his eye on the subject, not on the
The difference between high and low values used
for emphasis in a picture.
A request for the service of an artist to create a
work for a predetermined compensation.
Line, shape, size, value, color, direction, and texture.
All the little particulars evident in a work of art.
A border of molding which sets off the picture and
makes it easier to hang.
A 19th Century painter who traveled from
place to place to find work, often with partially
completed canvases, to which he might add the
facial features of a person.
Letters of introduction
A means of acquainting one person to another
through a letter.
A hand-held board on which an artist mixes paint
color from which to work, typically with a hole for
A painting, photograph, or other likeness of a
person, usually 3/4 to full length.
The practice or art of making portraits.
Former kingdom (1701-1918) which included present-
day northern Germany and northern Poland, and
which now is a state in Germany.
The "L" shaped groove on the edge of a
frame in which the painting rests.
The subject (person) who poses for a painting.
A sign, figure, design, pattern, motif, signet, or color
used to represent something or somebody by
Written works which have lasting significance or
recognized worth, often as pertaining to ancient
Greece or Rome, or from the Renaissance era.
Material used to create art, such as pencil, pen,
watercolor, oil, color, gouache, pastel, acrylic,
paint, wood and stone.
When looking at a portrait, the negative space is that
surrounding the subject or sitter; the positive space
is the person or sitter portrayed in the painting, and
other significant objects within the painting.
A person with diverse interests, talents, and
expertise in a number of areas.