The Bronze Panel Doors at the Archives
Stars and Stripes Raised in Mobile
The Spanish captured Mobile during the American Revolution and retained it by the terms of the war-ending Treaty of Paris in 1783. Before and during the War of 1812, the Spaniards in Mobile allowed British merchants to sell arms and supplies to the Indians to harass Americans who had begun to settle parts of present-day Alabama. During the course of the war, General James Wilkinson took a force of American troops from New Orleans to capture Mobile. The Spanish capitulated in April of 1813 and the Stars and Stripes of the United States was raised for the first time over the entire area of what became Alabama.